May 16

Zamosc, “the ideal city” in Poland

Zamosc1 is known to be the “ideal city”. Built in the Renaissance manner, “Padua of the North” is only one of the expressions that described the exotic architecture of Zamosc. What they understood by the “ideal city” was a city appealing for its residents, safe and most of all beautiful.

It was the polish Chancellor Jan Zamoyski who hired the Italian architect Bernardo Morando at the end of 19th century to design Zamosc, based on the anthropomorphic concept. The city was built to resemble to a human silhouette where the palace is the head, the main street plays the role of the spine and the Academy and the Cathedral are its lungs. The belly was represented by the crosswise road and the three markets, while the defensive bastions were the arms and the legs.

In 14 December 1992, Zamosc was inscribed in the UNESCO’s World Cultural Heritage List. This means the city has to be protected from destruction and preserved as best as possible in an unchanged condition.

Because of its beauty and unique landscape, Zamosc is a favorite Eastern European destination among tourists. The historical buildings are situated inside the town’s defensive walls and that makes them an easy target for tourists in loved with Renaissance architectural designs. There are other attractions in Zamosc beside the Old Town. Family with kids can enjoy a visit at the zoological garden, for couples there is always the choice of a walk in the park or a movie at the modern cinema, the music lovers have the chance to listen the oldest symphonic orchestra in Poland, galleries, restaurants and cafes in Old Town’s basements are other places where tourists can feed their souls with beauty.

And if all you are looking for as a tourist in this place is to fall in love then you should fall in love with the colorful Armenian houses in the Market Square. It is great to know that back in the days these houses witnessed such a prolific multicultural exchange. Jewish people from Turkey and Italy came and settled here, as well as Armenians and Greeks. They were all having the same rights as the other residents. This made Zamosc a city of ethnic and religious freedom.

If you decide to go to Zamosc don’t hesitate to explore Roztocze district as well- a green area with a beautiful landscape, situated only 130km away from L’viv. Given the fact that Roztocze is a National Park, you can enjoy walking to its forests, and having the proper guide you might even see the wild boar, the red deer, the red fox and beautiful Polish ponies.

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