May 05


Nessebar is one of the most popular touristic destinations in Bulgaria and on the shore of the Black Sea.

Nessebar was included on the List of World Cultural Heritage Sites of UNESCO in 1983 and its fascinating millennial history never ceases to amaze the guests and is considered the “crown jewel” of Bulgaria; in 1956 it was declared a museum city and archaeological and architectural reserve. From its early days, the settlement has been surrounded by fortification walls, as it had always been a target for conquerors due to its beauty and strategic settling; some remains of these walls have survived to this day.

The same with thermal baths, which remained ever since the Roman and Byzantine period; they were built in between the 6th and the 8th century and at that time, they represented an attraction spot to the citizens of those times.

The ancient town is located on a romantic rocky peninsula connected to the mainland by a narrow isthmus. The peninsula is 850 meters long and 300 meters wide.

Nessebar was founded 3200 years ago and is one of the oldest settlements in Europe. There are many pieces of archeological evidence, which prove the complex history and existence of this place and many of them can be seen at the Archaeological Museum, located at the very beginning of the peninsula. During Antiquity the town was called Mesembria, in the Middle Ages it was known as Mesemvria, and it was later renamed to Nessebar.

The several museums that you will find there will provide information about the town’s development under the control of the Thracians, the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire, and last, the Bulgarian State.

Another one is the Archaeological Museum, the Ethnographic Museum of Nessebar, also located on the peninsula.

Its exhibition is displayed at Moskoyani House which was built during the Bulgarian Revival Period. The construction is very representative of the Nessebar typical architecture. Its owner used to be a prosperous merchant, back in 1804 and later turned into a cultural edifice. Here you can admire objects and items used and worn in the everyday life by the locals of Nessebar.

The most important assets of Nessebar are the numerous churches lasting from the early Byzantine period and the Middle Ages and among the most impressive buildings in Nessebar are the two basilicas: Sophia and the Basilica on the north coast of Eleusa, built between in the 5th and 6th century. The latter has been destroyed and rebuilt several times and is also known by the name “Mary Eleusa” because of an old icon representing the Mother of God.

Also, the churches of “St. John the Baptist”, characterized by its high cylindrical dome, and “Sveti Stefan” (Saint Stephen) represent remarkable pieces of architecture thanks to its frescoes from the XVI century of high artistic value.

Today the old part of town is an attractive place for romantic walks along the narrow cobbled streets where you can buy handmade souvenirs; amid wonderful antique atmosphere gives an opportunity for relaxation. The accommodation base is focused on family hotels and private rooms which are comfortable and multifunctional.

But do not imagine that this place is totally separated from modernity, as there are plenty of things to do by yourself, or with your friends or family, such as visit the Aqua Paradise, or the Mini-Aquapark Pirates of Caribbean for the little ones, visit the Film Museum or get to know the local cuisine in one, or more of the numerous bars and pubs that you encounter on your way.

Also, Bulgaria is well-known for its good wines and Nessebar has a lot to offer in this respect, as well. You can enjoy the lovely tastes of this legendary liqueur at the famous Hristis Winery; and if you got too excited after these visits, you can always go on a boat trip and admire the view from the opposite angle.



Aug 28

The National Museum of Archeology and History (Muzeul National de Arheologie si Istorie)

The National Museum of Archeology and History is located in the historical centre of the Moldovan capital-city, Chisinau and encompases a variety of items which are representative for specific historical periods. The exhibitions consist of more that 300.000 objects and the items which are part of the national heritage of Moldova exceed half of this number.

Among the important vestiges which form the collections located at the National Museum of Archeology and History, there is something which is worth mentioning, more precisely a symbolic sculpture which reigns over the courtyard of the museum: a replica of the “Capitoline Wolf” statue located in Rome – the sculpture which was inspired from the legend that explained the foundation of Rome.

This institution is among the most important cultural edifices on the entire territory of the Republic of Moldova. The museum was founded near the end of 1983, under the order issued by the Ministry of Culture. According to this directive, the previous institution, which was based on the collections encountered at the Museum of Military Glory, was bound to change its profile, in the sense that the assortment of items on display was undergoing a process of expansion, enriching the collection of the museum.

Up until 2006, this cultural institution bore the name of the National Museum of History, but as it underwent several changes, more precisely having incorporated the Museum of Archeology, the name was changed to the National Museum of Archeology and History so as to reflect the structure of the new improved museum and the types of collections encountered here.


The museum is actually constantly changing in the sense that the collections are enriched by means of donations, acquisitions, scientific research and archeological diggings. In fact, there were two noteworthy periods in the “life and growth” of the museum due to the fact that the museum was enhanced by the large collections of items which were reassigned to this specific institution when the former museums which contained them had closed their doors. It was precisely this aspect that contributed extensively to the improvement of the National Museum of Archeology and History, but also to the diversity of the items exhibited.

The objects found within the museum are divided based on their origin and the timeframe in which they were used. The museum consists of various sections, each dedicated to a specific historical period, which taken as a whole retrace the evolution of Moldova, tracking the historical events of the past, up to the present. The need for such an institution is obvious: it allows individuals to gain knowledge about their history, having insight into their ancestors’ way of life, customs and traditions, as well as becoming aware of the events which had led to the way in which contemporary society presents itself.

The first permanent exhibition was established in 1991 and it was entitled “Pages of Centuries-old History of Moldova” in which the events and artifacts partaining to the historical period that stretched from the ancient times until the middle of the 20th century were presented to the public. The collection occupied three rooms and consisted of 900 pieces.

After a couple of year however the exhibition was reorganized so as to fill the entire first floor of the museum. The items of the collection were chronologically arranged in such a way so as to allure the visitor to attentivelly gaze at the items and retrace the history of Moldova from the Paleolithic Age until the 1950s.

The National Museum of Archeology and History also offers a variety of temporary exhibitions which are set up with the help of various individuals and organizations. The museum is interested in bringing awareness of the immense value that the collections inside the institution have and thus organizes various events which are meant to pinpoint this precise aspect. The majority of these provisional exhibits however are put together in collaboration with different museums or cultural institutions. These are either held at the premises of the museum or abroad, thus making the national museum and its collections known throughout the world.