On our third visit we shall encounter other two old castles that have represented an important landmark in the troubled history of Romanians.
Both of them can be found in in the beautiful region of Transylvania and the first one is Karolyi Castle in Carei, Satu Mare.
In 1482, Count Laszlo Karoly built a house that would arouse the envy of the nobility of Satmar committee, conflict that was put down by Matthias Corvin. In 1592 Karoly Mihaly needed to strengthen the construction built a century ago to face Turkish incursions; hence, he surrounded the building with thick walls with bastions and dug a ditch outside which had a suspension bridge, turning it into a veritable fortress that was to be noted as an important defense fortress in Transylvania during the late 17th and 18th centuries. At the dawn of the 18th century, after having ended his military mission, Karoly Jozsef demolished the walls and backfilled the trench, reconstructing the castle. The works were finished in 1794 and the new building was built in Baroque style, with 41 rooms and a chapel, plus a riding hall and a botanical park. Unfortunately, the earthquake in 1834 largely demolished the castle, which was restored once more in 1896 in Gothic style, returning to the old military elements – the bastion and moat – but this time only for decoration purpose.
Between the two World Wars, a part of the castle was transformed into a sanatorium, and the other was hosting a casino. During the second great conflagration, Karolyi family gave the permission for the building to function as a military school and later a military hospital. During the communist period, the castle turned into the headquarters of diverse cultural institutions: a museum, the house of culture of Carei town, Town Library livestock but also a high school.
Currently, the castle is managed by Carei City Hall, which implemented a European project of 4 million Euros for restoration and introducing it into the tourist circuit. Here are held various cultural events, exhibitions (three of them are permanent), concerts and you can also officiate your marriage here. Annually, about 40,000 tourists visit the castle of Carei, attracted by its beauty, the local history and interesting legends and the beautiful and unique arboretum that surrounds this castle.
Corvin (Hunyad) Castle, Hunedoara
The best-known medieval fortress of Hunedoara County called Corvin Castle or Hunyadi Castle was built in the 15th century, on a rock near the river Zlasti, by John Hunyadi – the ruler who stood in the way of the Turkish expansion in Europe. Very well-preserved, the Gothic castle covers an area of 7000 square meters, with 42 rooms, two bridges and two terraces. During Iancu of Hunedoara ruling, the castle was not only a point of great strategic importance but also a lively medieval seat of numerous events. The access to the castle is done through a wooden bridge supported by four stone pillars that supports it over Zlasti river bed. Ravaged over time by several fires, the castle has undergone several restoration processes after entering 1997 in a grandiose project of valorization. The museum inside houses a lot of collections of archeology, ethnography, numismatics, ethnography and military equipment.
The Corvin Castle has also served as scenery for several feature films, the last shooting being held in 2015.
All tourists can visit this beautiful and majestic castle between 9 and 17 o’clock, so you are welcome here any day.
Photo source: Picutre 1: provinciacrisana.blogratuit.ro; Picture 2: statiuneatasnad.ro; Picture 3: voceatransilvaniei.ro; Picture 4: municipiulcarei.ro; Picture 5: descoperaromania.net; Picture 6: thousandwonders.net; Picture 7: touristinromania.net