The Magura Cave (Pestera Magura)

The Magura Cave is located in close proximity of Rabisha village, a reason for which this natural monumets is also known as Rabisha Cave. If you are not familiar with the geographic position of this specific village, then it should be mentioned that the cave is situated at a 35 km distance from the well-known city Vidin.

The Magura Cave is one of the largest caves located on the bulgarian territory, comprising a multitude of galleries that stretch over 2600 m. There is a main passageway which divides into three galleries, each of enormous dimensions: 200 m in length, 50 m of width and more than 20 m in height.

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But the cave does not impress solely through its size. There are numerous calcarous formations such as stalagmites, stalactites, concretions of calcium salts, all being types of speleotherms specific for limestone caves. Some of these concretions are not only quite large in size but are also of immense beauty. The “Fallen Pine” is the largest stalagmite formation not solely from this specific cave, but from all of the caves located on the Bulgarian territory, at least from the ones that have been explored up to this point. In length, this stalagmite formation measures 11 m and in diameter, 6 m, at the base.

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Another characteristic of this limestone cave is the “pearl of the cave,” a special type of painting done in bat guano. These stone paintings have been created by means of multiple layers. Different details have been added throughout time, each characteristic for the specific period of time in which they have been added. Among the paintings encountered here one can find hunting men, dancing women, representations of labor instruments, of natural scenes, various symbols, and religious events etc.

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But the representations on the walls are by no means primitive. The ideas transposed into paintings clearly emphasize that the artists behind them were intelligent and spiritual individuals. Thus we can draw the conclusion that the cave is more of a temple, carrying all the markers of the ancient civilizations which had been in contact with this natural monument.

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It is quite interesting what contrasting points of view we have. On the one hand we look with admiration on the drawings and/or paintings which decorate the walls of caves because we see these as remnants of the past, as historical evidence of the former residents of the region. But on the other hand, we look down on any contemporary intervention on the natural monument because we consider it to be detrimental to the cave. And this position is justifiable taking into account that we usually deal with negative alterations. Information is passed on much easier nowadays, it is irelevent to inscribe it on walls.

In close proximity of the cave, visitors can find the Rabisha Lake, a tectonic lake which reaches 35-40 m in depth. The clear water of the lake allures tourists who come from all over the world to set up their tent on the banks of the lake and enjoy the relaxing atmosphere surrounding them.