Varna is the third largest city in Bulgaria after Sofia and Burgas and it counts about 350,000 inhabitants. Bulgarians live alongside about 10,000 ethnic Turks, about 3000 Gypsies and some 3000 other ethnicities.
The city’s history begins in the 7th century BC. The Greeks were those who created this settlement which they named Odessos. Like many regions of those times, it became part of the Roman Empire sometime in the 1st century b.C. In the 7th century the city was conquered by Slavic leader Asparuch Khan.
The city’s name becomes Varna; following the rename there came a rapid development of the city which became an important maritime hub. In the late 14th century the city falls under the rule of the Ottoman Empire and only in the 19th century, it will be issued by the Russian fleet. During World War II, despite partisan resistance, the Germans have taken over the city at the end of the war. However, it was the Soviets whose influence was decisive, just like in the entire Eastern Block.
Geographically speaking, Varna is situated on the west coast of the Black Sea, and from the educational point of view, Varna is a university center. Here operates a military academy, a technical university, an agricultural, a commercial and a medical science center.
Since Varna is a big city, there are enough landmarks that are worth being seen.
The Assumption Cathedral was built between 1880 and 1886, and is the second largest in the country after the cathedral in Sofia.
The ruins of the Roman baths built in the second century b.C. are among the largest Roman baths on the territory of the empire.
The National Naval Museum is a half indoors, half outdoors museum where we can document ourselves on the history of the Bulgarian maritime fleet. The outside exhibits are impressive; visitors can admire from helicopters to rocket ships and all kinds of military vehicles.
You can also see the “Stoyan Bachvarov” Theatre, an outstanding Baroque edifice built between 1912 and 1932, admire the fish and other creatures particularly from the Black Sea fauna in the only aquarium built in Bulgaria or go on a dolphin show at the Dolphinarium .
Other objects worth seeing: Church of Panagia, St. Athanasius Church, Bulgarian Renaissance Museum, other museums dedicated to natural history, ethnography, medicine, history, archeology, marina. For those interested in shopping there is the Grand Mall of Varna, and for beach lovers there are numerous great beaches in Varna, including the famous Golden Sands in the north of the city.
There are over 220 accommodation spots, including hotels and pensions, with convenient prices.