Jun 07

HISTORY LESSONS AND SUMMERTIME FUN IN VARNA (VARNA)

Varna is the third largest city in Bulgaria after Sofia and Burgas and it counts about 350,000 inhabitants. Bulgarians live alongside about 10,000 ethnic Turks, about 3000 Gypsies and some 3000 other ethnicities.

The city’s history begins in the 7th century BC. The Greeks were those who created this settlement which they named Odessos. Like many regions of those times, it became part of the Roman Empire sometime in the 1st century b.C. In the 7th century the city was conquered by Slavic leader Asparuch Khan.

The city’s name becomes Varna; following the rename there came a rapid development of the city which became an important maritime hub. In the late 14th century the city falls under the rule of the Ottoman Empire and only in the 19th century, it will be issued by the Russian fleet. During World War II, despite partisan resistance, the Germans have taken over the city at the end of the war. However, it was the Soviets whose influence was decisive, just like in the entire Eastern Block.

Geographically speaking, Varna is situated on the west coast of the Black Sea, and from the educational point of view, Varna is a university center. Here operates a military academy, a technical university, an agricultural, a commercial and a medical science center.

Since Varna is a big city, there are enough landmarks that are worth being seen.

The Assumption Cathedral was built between 1880 and 1886, and is the second largest in the country after the cathedral in Sofia.

The ruins of the Roman baths built in the second century b.C. are among the largest Roman baths on the territory of the empire.

The National Naval Museum is a half indoors, half outdoors museum where we can document ourselves on the history of the Bulgarian maritime fleet. The outside exhibits are impressive; visitors can admire from helicopters to rocket ships and all kinds of military vehicles.

You can also see the “Stoyan Bachvarov” Theatre, an outstanding Baroque edifice built between 1912 and 1932, admire the fish and other creatures particularly from the Black Sea fauna in the only aquarium built in Bulgaria or go on a dolphin show at the Dolphinarium .

Other objects worth seeing: Church of Panagia, St. Athanasius Church, Bulgarian Renaissance Museum, other museums dedicated to natural history, ethnography, medicine, history, archeology, marina. For those interested in shopping there is the Grand Mall of Varna, and for beach lovers there are numerous great beaches in Varna, including the famous Golden Sands in the north of the city.

There are over 220 accommodation spots, including hotels and pensions, with convenient prices.

Photo source

Pic1 varna.bg

Pic2 valentinvalkov.com

Pic3 en.wikipedia.org

Pic4 kingofwallpapers.com

Pic5 s-tur.com.ua

Pic6 runawayjane.com

Pic7 priveeinvest.com

Jul 10

Varna

Varna, the largest town in Bulgaria situated on the coast of the Black Sea, is also known as the maritime capital of Bulgaria. In the last fifty years, the city has become internationally renowned as a resort, but tourists have been drawn to the beach and the baths found here since the beginning of the 20th century.

The locality is situated in a gulf which bears the same name, the second one in terms of size on the Bulgarian territory.

http://www.tourist-destinations.com

 

The high season for tourists lasts from June until the end of September, when, according to statistics, the town doubles its population. The long, sandy beaches separate the town from the sea, reaching every now and then a width of 50 m. The central beach is the oldest of them all, having been arranged for touristic purposes in 1926. There are numerous hotels and boarding houses which offer accommodation, but tourists can also find room and board at private houses. Thus, tourists have a variety of options in terms of lodging at their disposal.

http://www.turizmtatilseyahat.com

But besides the opportunity to go to the beach, tourists are also in for many cultural events, not to mention that there are a multitude of places in Varna which are worth visiting. Besides the festivals which are annually held in the high season, especially as a way to attract tourists to the area, Varna disposes of four theaters, a philharmonic orchestra, a puppet theater, many museums, and private libraries. So those interested in expanding their horizon, have from where to choose.

http://varna.bulgaria-travelguide.info

 

But Varna has much more to offer than that. The Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin is considered an icon of Bulgaria. The church had been erected in the 19th century (1886) by Renaissance artists. The cathedral consists of mural paintings which have been completed in 1950 and of a beautiful altar which was artistically carved in wood. In order to cover this section properly – which refers to religious buildings – it is also necessary to mention St. Nicholas Church (1886) which is wonderfully adorned with old fresco works and icons realized at various iconographic schools from all over Bulgaria.

http://bulgariatravel.org

Right in the center of the city, one can find the Roman Baths. These date from the 2nd century when Emperor Antonius Pius gave order to have these constructed. The passage of time spares no one, and these constructions had suffered damages over the centuries. But after a long period of time in which renovations were conducted, the former glory of the Roman Baths had been recaptured.

The materials used in the construction of the baths were rocks, bricks, grit stones, and mortar. The walls were plastered whereas the flooring was made of marble. The baths are in fact an archeological site and tourists will be happy to hear that, unlike other archeological places which are banned for visitors, this specific one can be admired up close.

Sea Garden – http://www.bulguide.com

 

Another point of attraction for tourists is represented by the Sea Gardens. These consist of an astronomic observatory, a planetarium, a tower, playgrounds, a zoo, as well as a summer theater where many cultural events are held.

The Museum of Archeology has on display a multitude of miniature representations of dwelling structures from the Paleolithic Era, as well as many ancient works of art. The museum holds one of the most impressive and largest collections from the country which contains early Christian items, religious objects, and items from the 13th and 14th centuries.

Navy Museum – http://www.panoramio.com

 

The Navy Museum is situated in the Maritime Park and offers insight into the Bulgarian Navy from the 1878 until the present day. This means that items of all sorts, from canons, to old anchors and ships are on display so that curious eyes can gaze upon them.

There is one unique museum that you can find in Varna and nowhere else in the Balkan region: the Museum of Medicine. The initial edifice was erected as a hospital and a small museum was annexed to this, but in time the building was transformed into an exhibition hall where samples of medicinal and aromatic plants, as well as instruments used in the medicinal field are on display.   

At the Museum of History and Art, tourists can admire the Golden Treasure – the oldest gold to have been processed (six thousand years ago), as well as various objects made out of gold (3000 in number) , such as decorative items and pieces of jewelry.