The Pleven Regional Historical Museum is an institution dedicated to scientific discoveries and to education. The items comprised within the walls of the museum are monuments of historical and cultural importance, items of archeological value, and samples of plant life and wildlife.
Remnants of the ancient towns Ulpia Oescus (Roman town), of the Byzantine fortress of Storgozia, found in close proximity of Pleven, as well as the medieval Bulgarian stronghold located in Nikopol can also be admired here.
Overall, the museum focuses on gathering information of the historical past, but there is also a section dedicated to the study of natural science. In order to get an idea about the items tourists are bound to encountered at this specific museum, it is relevant to analyze the structural organization of the institution.
The museum is divided into segments, each dedicated to a particular subject: archeology, the history of Bulgaria from the 15th to the 19th centuries, natural science, scientific documents, photography, modern history. The archeological items are distributed chronologically in 6 halls, but are divided in three: the prehistorical period, the Roman period and the Middle Ages. The items found here include household objects such as vessels, sculptures, basoreliefs, mosaics, pieces of jewelry, as well as reenactments of the structures used as dwellings in different historical times.
There is also a department dedicated solely to retracing the historical past of the civilizations which have dwelt in Pleven throughout time – this is the “Ethnography” section. Tourists can gain knowledge into the way the people of Pleven have led their life, as well as into the characteristics that have made up their culture. This means learning about the occupations, life, and attire of the people. More so, tourists can actually see how the dwellings presented themselves both on the exterior and on the interior.
The exhibition entitled “Bulgarian Revival” addresses various issues. There are items and documentary evidence which attest the impact that the Ottoman oppresion had on the Bulgarian population. Other subsections of this exhibition reflect the influence that Russia and Europe in general had on this nation throughout the 15th-19th centuries, the changes brought about by the Bulgarian Revolution, the economical development, and so on. The museum is a true source of knowledge so if you are determined to find out more about the history of Bulgaria, in general, ad about the history of Pleven, in particular, this is the place to visit.
The museum itself is a cultural emblem, the edifice bearing significant national importance. The building has two floors and measures 7000 square meters. What is more, the exhibitions break the boundaries created by the walls of the museum, meaning that items are on display outside of the building, in the park adjacent to this. Just imagine how much insight you can get into the history of Bulgaria out of the multitude of items found at the Pleven Regional Historical Museum (more than 180.000 objects) and at the library located within the museum – which comprises more than 10.000 scientifical volumes.
From the second half of the 20th century (1976) onward, this museum, together with other Bulgarian museums from the northwestern part of the state, has contributed to the publication of an annual journal: “The Bulletin of the Museums in the Northwest Bulgaria.” Up to date, 27 volumes have come out of the printer.