The second largest city of Hungary is a sixteenth century-like burg called Debrecen, located at the eastern border of the country, close to Romania. It is a historical town filled with architectural hardware displaying the conservatory classicism of the previous centuries, but it is nevertheless an important cultural center where good vibe and festivals are at home, as well as the thermal baths, spas and open-air shows. Between the perimeter bordered by the historic Aranybika Hotel and the Golden Great Church there is the Old town, where you will find plenty of pubs, bars, restaurant, nightclubs, museums, galleries and theatres, just perfect for your holiday schedule.
Debrecen is known as “’Capital of the Eastern Plain”, and the atmosphere will keep you busy all the time; and in case you get tired of so much sightseeing and partying, you can go on a getaway to the puszta to explore natural beauties of the rural area, where you can enjoy a cowboy show, purchase local pottery or visit and use the facilities of the largest spa in Hungary.
The first objective that you will notice is the Great Reformed Church, which is placed between Kossuth and Calvin markets; it is the symbol of Debrecen and is the largest Protestant church in Hungary.
Left to Reformed Churches there is a large pyramid that offers a view of the old walls of a historical monument right behind it. The pedestrian area in front of the church will extend until it reaches Piac Utca, one of the biggest streets of Debrecen.
Take a short walk in front of the church and find Kossuth Statuary Complex. Set on the right side of the market as you stand with your back to the church, the statuary group seems rather eccentric, giving the impression that it creates an imbalance, being placed perpendicularly to the axis of the church. The square in front of the big church is Kossuth Square, the main pedestrian area of the town.
Here you can also find the biggest (and very beautiful) ceramic fountain in Europe, with a diameter of 20 meters.
Close to this area there is the Minor Reformed Church – Reformatus Kistemplom – an old church of over 400 years. It distinguishes itself by its single tower, at the first glance reminiscent of a medieval castle tower, which is very well maintained and perfectly white, contrasting with the colours of the surroundings. From the tower visitors can admire a beautiful panoramic view of the city: to the South, we see the Piac Street, the hotel Aranybika and in the foreground, the Kossuth statuary group, erected in the memory of the meeting held in the church in 1849, gathering before which Kossuth read the Declaration of Independence of Hungary.
The city (or at least the central part) is clean, elegant and pleasing. The well-preserved buildings are drawing the visitor’s attention, and also the green of the grass that contrasted sharply with the buildings’ facades.
At about 200 meters from the intersection with Burgundy Street, Kossuth Street ends in Meliusz tér, a square where you will find Verestemplom – the Red Church – a beautiful Reformed church, dating from the second half of the nineteenth century and built in red brick – hence the name – in a neo-Gothic style.
If you go back to Kossuth Street, this time on the other side, you can stop and admire the outside Csokonai Színház, the City Theatre built in Romantic style in the second half of the nineteenth century.
Debrecen is a small town, but still you will need at least one visit to discover its mysteries and exquisite Hungarian cuisine that its many restaurants have to offer.