Sep 22

COVASNA COUNTY, A MELTING POT BETWEEN CULTURES AND… THE COUSIN OF LOCH NESS MONSTER (COVASNA)

Covasna County is located in eastern Transylvania, at the internal curvature of the Carpathians, and it tends to become a major tourist destination for those wishing to discover Romania. Until recently it used to be promoted rather as an area of interest for Hungarian tourists, but Covasna is now opening its doors and proposes some very interesting landmarks, that informs about the customs and traditions of the area. Covasna County is known as the “Land of Mansions” and thermal waters, with no more than 200 mansions and castles that are speeded all across the land, awaiting visitors.

Discover the art of sculpture in corn husk

At the Tourist Information Centre in Ojdula you will greeted, among others, with a table on which there are hand craft items that are made from corn husk. You will immediately discover their author: Szabó Erzsébet “Bimbi”, illustrator and forewoman in this complicated manufacturing craft, who had arrived to Ojdula a decade ago and learned this activity from a master in this traditional craft of Odorhei. We are sure you will like it so much that you will certainly want to acquire some of her creations, which have been presented to a multitude of national and international fairs and exhibitions and have also received several awards and praises. A simple demonstration of making a flower of husk will makes you applaud and realize that folk artists deserve a bigger appreciation.

Learn to prepare kurtoskalacs

Kurtoskalacs, the famous Hungarian desert known throughout the world and adored in Romania at any fair or festival has its own “secrets” of its preparation. Shaped like a pipe, made of wheat flour, milk, eggs, yeast, butter and sugar and seasoned with various spices and flavors, it will make you want to try it more than once; the dough is stretched into strips and rolled on a wood cylinder that in placed on top of a charcoal grill and revolved permanently, to bake evenly. The sugar that is “splash” all over the dough is roasted, then the “pipes” are seasoned with different flavors: cinnamon, nutmeg, coconut, vanilla. The name “kurtoskalacs” comes from kürtő – which means “chimney” and kalács – doughnut. According to the legend, the first kurtoskalacs was prepared in Szekler Land for misleading the Tatar invaders, deprived of food, but it is considered that its  “ancestor” is the German Spiesskuchen gingerbread baked on wooden rollers, spoken in a manuscript of Heidelberg. The first recipe that appears under the name of kurtoskalacs is found in Countess Maria Mikes’s cookbook, in 1784.

Hunt the prehistoric aquatic monster on the Saint Ana Lake

Lake St. Ana is the only volcanic lake in Romania, located in the crater of the massive volcanic massif Puciosu Ciomatu Mare. A trip here is almost obligatory, whether you go hiking or by quads, followed by a spectacular full of adrenaline two kilometers long descent on the mountaincart and mountainbike.

You can do several water sports on the quiet lake, which has a maximum depth of 6.4 meters: put on a neoprene suit, grab a plate and try to keep your balance on it without falling into blue water. It is pretty difficult but it’s totally fun. Like any place of its kind, Saint Ana Lake has a legend of its own, one of them telling about a young woman who was to be married against her will by parents. Because she did not want the man proposed as her future husband, she threw herself into the lake on the wedding night, which then received her name. Another legend tells about two ogre brothers who had two castles, one of them having a terribly beautiful chaise, won at a game of dice. Not to be outdone, the other brother put another wager that he will come with a chaise that was going to be even more beautiful. He got one and hitched eight gorgeous girls instead of horses. They failed to move the heavy carriage and the tyrant got angry and began to lash the young girls. One of the eight girls named Ana, cursed him and the curse was fulfilled: the place was devastated by a severe storm, after which the castle of the tyrant and his chariot were ablaze. On the place of the ranked castle was then formed a tranquil blue lake.

Another interesting urban legend states that a water monster similar to Nessie has been seen swimming along several times. It is believed to be a species of ancient dinosaurs that survived the mysteriously extinction and lives peacefully inside the waters of this lake, but divers that had been sent to look for it found nothing.

Besides the wonderful traditions and interesting legends, the surroundings are truly marvelous, so you have plenty of reasons to come along and plan a holiday here, in Covasna County.

Photo source:

Picture 1: montaniarzi.ro; Picture 2: nauticamagazine.ro; Picture 3: wemakechimneycake.co.uk; Picture 4: prinlume.ro; Picture 5: prinlume.ro; Picture 6: hailabord.ro
Sep 20

CISNADIOARA CASTLE – A RELIC OF THE OLD TIMES IN THE HEART OF SIBIU (CETATEA CISNĂDIOARA)

A visit around Sibiu, the former cultural capital of Europe in 2007, cannot be complete without seeing the castle of Cisnadioara, a place that is loaded with positive energy and serenity.

As you arrive in the village of Cisnadioara, which is located 10 kilometers from Sibiu and two kilometers from Cisnadie, you have to go up the Saint Michael Hill, from the village, on a path that is not very steep and a quarter of an hour you shall get to Cisnadioara Castle, in fact, a Roman basilica, which has its first historical mention in the year 1223 (when its  construction ended); it is mentioned in the archives that was donated to the Cistercian monastery of Carta, by Magister Goulinus. They say, moreover, that Cisnadioara village itself had been founded by a group of French monks, caregivers of the Cistercian order.

The fortified church is surrounded by six meter high walls and offers a splendid view over the valley of Sibiu. Built on a narrow place, it had acted as an observation point. The church is simple, composed of a nave, two side aisles and larger. The windows are narrow and inside was brought in 1940, the funerary monuments of Austro-Hungarian and German officers who died on duty during the First World War, in fighting in and around Sibiu.

Some time ago, the deal of divorces among the Saxon community settled in the area was quite complicated those days. If a couple was no longer getting along and wanted to divorce, the villagers offered the two the chance to come to common terms, trapping them in the city until they reached the conclusion that life must continue together. Otherwise, the two were left there for life. Of course, it’s a legend but perhaps this has some truth in it.

Another legend of the site has in the spotlight the young men who, before marriage, had to undergo a ritual in which to prove their manhood by rolling a boulder up the hill above the city. Boulder size depended on the “size” the lad’s love for his future wife was. Boulders can be seen today in the courtyard and had the role of … cannon-balls against besiegers.

If we mention the picturesque scenery of the region, the beautiful mountains and awesome fresh air, then you have even more reason the come visit the surroundings. For accommodation and meals, you have a lot of options in any of the pensions located near the city.

Photo source:

Picture 1: trecator.ro; Picture 2: sibiul.ro; Picture 3: cavalerintaramea.ro; Picture 4: sibiul.ro; Picture 5: citynews.ro; Picture 6: cartitaplimbareata.ro; Picture 7: cartitaplimbareata.ro
Sep 20

THE MOST FASCINATING, BUT LITTLE KNOWN ATTRACTIONS IN EASTERN EUROPE

There is no person who has not heard about places like Paris, Barcelona or Rome – but Europe is untouched corners that can occur successfully in a top beauty and charm, with the added advantage of being away from the crowds. However, there are places at least as fascinating and beautiful and side are the old continent, which, unfortunately, are less known. Have a look on the list compiled by AboutEastern Europe and discover hidden gems four, but ready to welcome you with open arms, so you can discover the charm.

Lancut, Poland
Poland is full of castles, but Łańcut is truly a breathtaking place. Details of these aristocratic residences, impressive dimensions are delightful, and a tour of the palace takes you through beautifully decorated ballroom, which dominates chandeliers, bigger than you. The city shows a rich history of the Hebrew people and worth visiting Łańcut synagogue here: facade is a true masterpiece, charming by its magnificent columns and frescoes.

Klaipeda, Lithuania
A port city bustling with German-style taverns that studded cliff, Klaipėda is one of the most beautiful European destinations. Reserve a table at Memelis for a plate of cheese, olives and sausages that going for beer. Once you’ve calmed hunger and thirst, you can start exploring the Curonian Spit sands in the wild, found on the Baltic Sea. Make a trip to explore the forests, seafood and folklore of the region.

Tartu, Estonia
Those who come in this beautiful Baltic country, usually headed by Tallinn or the resorts on the island but the vibrant university town of Tartu, also not to be missed. Enters the centuries-old history of these places, making a visit to the tower university, where students serve their punishment once disobedient, or take a walk through the park Toomemägi. In addition, a dinner served in this city will not let bankrupt, so walks confidently in any premises near the university.

Olomouc, Czech Republic
If others have piled on Charles Bridge in Prague, you can enjoy tranquility in Olomouc, one of the most beautiful cities in the Czech Republic. Here you will find the same charm as the architectural capital, less chaos. Plus he has to turn a few aces up his sleeve: Horni Namesti astronomical observatory, holy halls of the monasteries dating from the 12th century and a place where you can eat to your heart: U Andela.

Photo source:

Picture 1: routeperfect.com; Picture 2: visitestonia.com; Picture 3: trip2lt.com; Picture 4: senas.ku.lt; Picture 5: panoramio.com; Picture 6: runawayjuno.com
Sep 15

MOSCOW – THE CAPITAL OF THE POWERFUL OLIGARCHS (МОСКВА)

In the past 20 years, the symbol – city of the former Red Empire has reborn in a way that former communist leaders such as Lenin, Stalin or Brezhnev would not have ever anticipated and it became the world capital of Western-like “decadent” refinement, designed to meet the demands of numerous millionaires who are now spinning wheels of power.

Luxury boom

The Soviet Union is now long gone and Moscow – as we know from the past times of pompous military parades celebrating with glittery propaganda the Victory Day or the Great October Revolution, or when MiGs flown over haughty official stand, where leaders of the Bolshevik Party, with their backs bent down from so many decorations and medals, were governing the scenery – has transformed into exactly the opposite as the Communist leaders and philosophers had imagined it would be for eternity.

Ex-communist metropolis is continually borrowing the made in USA commercial symbolism: from KFC to the Hard Rock Café. Becoming a center of big business, Moscow – although it remains in a proportion of 70% a gulag of the needy, hosts successive waves of expats, but also the local oligarchy out of which rows of Forbes nominees are being regularly recruited for the magazine’s charts. Logically, their lifestyle expectations have changed and there are already plenty of individuals and clans that do not exclude cosmopolitan luxuries or even daily extravaganza from their way of living.

The Russian economic growth rate, higher than in Western Europe, partly justifies this trade boom of luxury goods, considered until recently one of niche. Besides legal affairs, in Moscow also bloomed an impressive black economy with sophisticated transactions, including weapons of last generation. And the beneficiaries of this boom – “les nouveaux riches” -, when they don’t buy luxury residences on the French Riviera (where more than half of the restaurants are already displaying their menu in Cyrillic alphabet), they invest heavily in their personal comfort, ready to shell out any price for whatever latest fashion caprice that, only a decade ago, it would have seemed unthinkable.

Why should you get to Moscow?

Because it truly is a very beautiful city, whose center can be compared without any exaggeration, to any other major European capitals – Paris, London, Rome or Madrid. In addition, although today the capital of the East turned into the citadel of the oligarchs and demanding millionaires, it is not “so” expensive: a night in a decent 4 star hotel in close proximity to the center should not be more than 65 euros for 2 people , while prices in restaurants and bars are surprisingly low; and as for shopping, the ladies will have plenty of surprises: in malls and shopping spots in central Moscow there are crowded the most prestigious brands in the world and the prices here are usually consistently lower than those of Paris or Vienna. If money is not a problem, in Moscow you will find the latest collections of famous designers before they get to London or New York. Besides all these issues more or less questionable of “decadent capitalist consumerism”, Moscow has a special charm build upon the symbols that provide its identity:

The Red Square. It is the heart of the city and should be the first destination to visit to sample more of the consistent flavor of the metropolis. St. Bazil’s Cathedral is flanked by the State History Museum, Lenin’s Mausoleum, the most exclusive mall Moscow, GUM, and one of Kremlin’s walls. Basically, here you have comprised the quintessential of the city: ancient historical buildings, relics of communism and symbols of New Russia, all concentrated in a few square kilometers. For a leisurely visit to all locations embodied in the Red Square you will need at least two days. To make it easier, take the subway from one of the metro stations in the vicinity of Red Square: Ohotnii Ryad, Ploschad Revolutsii.

Old Arbat Street. At first glance it looks like a combination between a hardly digestible Turkish bazaar and an alley in the historic center of Naples, but Arbat but has its particular charm: it is crowded with cafes, bars, restaurants and souvenir shops. The prices of the latter can be negotiated.

Bolshoi Theater. The price of a show is pretty steep, starting at 1,000 rubles, you can relax on the majestic fountain in front and admire the famous building.

Tretyakov Gallery. It is one of the largest and finest museums in the world – if you want to visit one museum in Moscow, you should definitely pick it up. Here you will find exclusively Russian art: paintings and sculpture the most famous Russian artists and the richest collection of ancient Russian icons.

Gorky Park. The biggest and most famous Moscow Park boasts impressive green spaces, promenades, statues and cafes. It is the most popular meeting and leisure place for city residents. During winter, most paths are decorated with statues of ice.

Photo source:

Picture 1: radissonblu.com; Picture 2: rubelli.com; Picture 3: almaty-kazakhstan.net; Picture 4: flikr.com; Picture 5: newmoscowtravel.com; Picture 6: youtube.com
Sep 07

MEDICAL TOURISM ON MARGARET ISLAND, BUDAPEST (MARGIT-SZIGET)

Ever since the thermal waters have been brought to the surface in 1886 on Margaret Island, the place turned into an important therapeutic spa with natural curative waters with a pleasant climate and a magnificent location in the middle of the Danube and the city Budapest; to all these natural wonders the most modern medical equipment has been added. The medicinal waters of the local hot spring are used by the hotel’s hydrotherapeutic equipment at a temperature of 70 ° C and are cooled to 34, 36 and 40 ° C, maintaining all its curative active ingredients.

The essential element of this water is sulfur, which decomposes slowly and only partially. The solution that is obtained through natural processes is basically an undiluted concentrate that fortunately does not have the typical unbearable smell of sulfur. The remaining minerals and gaseous elements are effective both in hydrotherapy and treatments that involve the consumption of mineral water.

Thermal therapy is helpful for muscles, joints and degenerative nerve diseases; therapies recovery after fractures; bone deformities and disorders of the peripheral circulation. For rheumatic problems, thermal waters are effective on the one hand by the use of therapeutic equipment and on the other by separating curative mineral substances containing key components. Through continuous and regular treatments, good results can be obtained in the case of post-inflammatory degenerative diseases of the muscles, joints and intestines. Rheumatic diseases can be treated with combined therapy programs which include baths, massages, mud treatments, electrotherapy and kinetic therapy.

Good results can be obtained in the treatment of chronic inflamed areas. The gas content of water is significant. After analysis it was shown that the content of water gas bubbles produce a film on the body. The gas emission is not so intense in order to to produce “soda water” in the true meaning of the word, but those who come to bathe on Margaret Island feel that water is not a common one. The effect is comparable to that of a gas carbon baths. It is well known that moderate temperature thermal waters on Margaret Island is good for those who have hypertension due to atherosclerosis and those suffering from diseases of the heart muscle or coronary artery.

As practiced regularly thermal baths have a calming effect, they are useful for therapy of functional neuroses. With modern equipment available to Margaret Island, thermal waters here can be used in all sorts of combinations, such as baths, massages, hot showers, carbon or mud baths, baths with essences of pine nuts and baths with weights – a 100% Hungarian invention. Mud used for mud is brought from Heviz thermal lake, near Lake Balaton. In addition to the treatments mentioned on Margaret Island the spa offers other therapeutic methods such as iontophoresis, galvanic current or waves. To improve the therapeutic effect of the thermal waters massages in gymnastics programs are often prescribed.

Radiography unit is worth mentioning for modern equipment available and allows the most complex exams. Clinical laboratory also owns the latest technology. The pharmacy is stocked with medicines from reputable companies in Eastern Europe and the West. The spa is in close contact with the National Institute of Rheumatology and Physiotherapy, and when needed, renowned specialists are consulted in complex cases. Highly qualified staff collaborates with medical experiments to help patients healing spa.

Thermal water therapy is beneficial in the following conditions:

– Rheumatic locomotor organs (except acute inflammation)

– Arthritis – polyarthritis – chronic arthritis

– Spondylosis (stiffness vertebrae)

– Ankylosing spondylitis

– Disorders of the spine

– Muscle and peritendinous disease

– Post-traumatic treatments

Photo source:

Picture 1: myportfolio.ucl.ac.uk; Picture 2: danubiushotels.com; Picture 3: thecrazytourist.com; Picture 4: gotohungary.com; Picture 5: sracd.hu; Picture 6: best-treatment.com
Jul 28

THE TOWN WITH THREE NAMES, ITALIAN MAFIA AND ANCIENT HISTORY – ALL THIS AND MUCH MORE IN THE UNKNOWN CAPPADOCIA (CAPPADOCIA)

The name Cappadocia derives from the Persian word Katpatuka, which translates to “land of beautiful horses”. That is because, since the days of yore, people used to grow horses and use them on their daily tasks, therefore there is a very strong bond between the people and their horses. And today’s horses are probably the best natural guides to lead you through the canyons and legends which linger like the mists of time.

Göreme, the place with three names

It was initially called Avcilar, which would translate by “the Hunters”. Then the name was changed into Maccan. Göreme name I was given 30 years ago, as it was considered more suitable to promote tourism. Translated, Göreme means invisible or unseen. The town lies in a valley, a natural “bowl”, being hard even to spot it from a close distance. Another interesting fact from where it received the name is that during the Arab invasion, the Christians were retreating from their path and used to hide in this “bowl”.

Hotels carved into rock

Older Turkish locals use the word “kaya”, which translates to rock when describing the basket-shaped rock formations; the youth have another term: Peri Bajas, which means Fairy Baskets – the “official” title, which is really not sure why, considering that it can be said that they have a rather phallic shape. So, initially called kaya, but with the tourist development of Cappadocia, this new term that does not accurately reflect their image was given to them – a simple new name was needed and someone chose “fairies”, go figure!

Also, the hotels located in the natural caves had a similar mistranslation. “Kaya” word was used again, which would have effectively be called “boulders hotels”, so completely illogical: no one wanted to visit a boulder; however, everyone wanted to check in at a hotel placed in a cave.

Could it be aliens?

People say that the geological formations of Cappadocia are a mystery. They even developed a theory backed by a history teacher, that they were formed by aliens. Yet the scientific explanation is quite different: the region was formed 3-4 million years ago, when a series of volcanic eruptions changed the face of the Central Anatolia plateau, resulting the spectacular scenery, including the forming of the famous ”Fairies”.

Private Properties

If you go through Cappadocia you will find that most of the land is owned and represent private property. The state has bought the essential tourist spots including the Open Air Museum and Paşabag, it also possesses most of the rocky formations but the greatest part of the land is owned by locals. Yet no fences, so if you get through vineyards or land pumpkins, remember that you are on private property. Without this to be a problem, however.

Monastic Life

In ancient times, the region was a huge monastery. Lifestyle was imposed by Basil of Caesarea, who encouraged Christian monks to gather in monasteries and pray together.

Alarm system

Many of the buildings that are placed on high places of the Cappadocia region, such as Cavusin churches, and the highest rock formations were used in the past as part of an alarm system to warn of attacks invaders: local people lighting fires on the rock peaks when danger was imminent.

The friendly City of Roses

Gulşehir – which means the City of Roses – is probably the friendliest city in Cappadocia. It is 30 km from Avanos and, unlike the center of the region, it is not very visited by tourists, which is why locals are eager to have guests. In addition, there are many beautiful places to visit, such as the Rock Mushroom, St. John’s Cave Monastery (with ancient paintings older than eight centuries) and many other caves which are believed – according to the local legends – to have monastery a lot of treasures that have belonged to the Italian Mafia buried inside.

Old and extremely valuable paintings

The main place of worship in the area of Cappadocia was Byzantine church Tokali Kilise. It still keeps some of the more well-preserved paintings from the Middle Ages on the walls, and that’s not the only thing about it.  It contains the finest rock-cut churches, with beautiful frescoes, whose colors still retain all their original freshness. It also presents unique examples of rock hewn architecture and frescos technique. The Goreme Open-Air Museum has been a member of UNESCO World Heritage List since 1984, and was one of the first two UNESCO sites in Turkey.

Photo source:

Picture 1: travel.india.com; Picture 2: commons.wikimedia.org; Picture 3: gulsehir.bel.tr; Picture 4: panoramio.com; Picture 5: egirdirakingazetesi.com.tr; Picture 6: fairylandcave.com; Picture 7: goreme.com

 

Jul 19

WINE TOURISM IN CROATIA: ISTRIAN WINES (ISTRIA, CROATIA)

When people think of Croatia, they hardly think of wine. But those for whom the Bacchus liquor means more than drinking a glass per meal should know that Istria Penninsula, which lies in the west of the country on the Adriatic Coast, has some wonderful wines known worldwide.

Wine production in Istria is focused in four centers, which are Buje, Porec, Pazin and Rovinj, plus their adjacent areas. You can visit the wineries in the region, along the so-called roads of wine and you can taste both wines that have won international medals, and those made by local people at home. By following these trails you can stop either at wineries or private property that have listings that offer wine. Take your time to stroll around the roads winding through the beautiful Istria Peninsula and you will see that each place has its own Konoba, a local traditional restaurant, where you can try the wine of the region and under no circumstances do not dare to miss prsut – a smoked ham which is absolutely fantastic. Many villages and towns offer rooms and accommodation.

The four famous wine roads are:

  1. Brtonigla, Umag, Novigrad, Dajla, Nova Vas, Grožnjan, Buje, Savudrija
  2. Visnjan, Tar, Baderna, Funtana, Lovrec
  3. Buzet, Tinjan, Pazin
  4. Rovinj, Vodnjan, Valbandon

There are three types of Istrian wine: white wine Malvazija (malmsey), Muscat (Muscatel) and red wine Teran. Malvazija is dating for centuries and is a golden yellow wine, with acacia flower fragrance. Because this wine has a very refreshing flavor, it goes well with the sensational seafood in the Istria Peninsula, found mostly in the cities of the coast. Teran, which has been always treasured and is knows as Casanova’s favorite – Casanova was a resident of Istria, by the way – has a fruity flavor and goes well with red meat. One of the most popular wines in this area is Muskat, which has a golden color, a floral scent and is very sweet. Be careful though consumption of this variety, as it is considered to be aphrodisiac! 😉

Istria is the largest peninsula on the Adriatic Coast and tilts slightly towards the Adriatic. The wine region is enriched by the terroir, the land structure and the rich red soil. The largest city in Istria is Pula, where you will arrive by plane that lands on the local airport which has flights landing here from all over Europe. You can reach Istria by car or by train, which leaves you in the big cities nearby: Zagreb in Croatia, Venice and Trieste in Italy.

Besides wine, agro-tourism is very popular in the peninsula. If you’re looking for a culinary vacation and sprinkled with quality wine, this is the place to live and you will not be disappointed.

Photo source:

Picture 1: tourmyroute.com; Picture 2: frankaboutcroatia.com; Picture 3: winesofcroatia.wordpress.com; Picture 4: bookculinaryvacations.com; Picture 5: pinterest.com; Picture 6: zicasso.com; Picture 7: europeupclose.com

May 19

SIBIU, MEDIEVAL FLAVOR AT THE FRONTIER BETWEEN EAST AND WEST

The first human settlements in Sibiu date from the Paleolithic area, and the first documents of the city appear in an archive issued in the late twelfth century by Pope Celestine III.

In the Roman epoch there was a settlement called Cedonia (in the Guşteriţa neighborhood of today). A short journey into the fascinating history of this city will give you the image of this town, its role and importance in the development of the region and even in other parts of the country.

noi-zambim.blogspot.ro

noi-zambim.blogspot.ro

According to historical evidence, in 1241 Sibiu was conquered and partially destroyed by Mongol hordes. But it raised like a Phoenix from its ashes and the 14th century represents the beginning of an unprecedented development period for Sibiu, which, under most favorable auspices, had become the most important city in Transylvania, due to commercial interest.

Sibiu had more than 13 gateways in the city (some scholars say even 14) and some of them are still standing and represent the most important monuments of Sibiu even today.

fede.ro

fede.ro

Poarta Scararilor / The Stair makers Gate is the oldest building in Sibiu, still standing today. Some say it’s the first form of fortification, as it is known to have existed ever since the twelfth century. The fact is that the stone gate had been standing there as a major fortifications, probably before the Mongol invasion period. In the sixteenth century the gate undergoes changes and reinforcements, with the reconfiguration of the city by including the Lower Town in the fortified enclosure. It functioned as a gateway for about three centuries; afterwards it received a secondary role by strengthening the Lower Town. It remains one of the most important gates of the medieval period, as all roads, coming from all three Romanian Principalities were connected to this entrance in the city of Sibiu. Is has kept the same purpose until today; it was restored in 2005 and it remains one of the most important monuments of Sibiu.

galerie.liternet.ro

galerie.liternet.ro

The Tower Hall is the most important monument of the city, a symbol in itself and few know that is one of the oldest gates that are still standing. Its history overlaps with the one of the city. The name comes from the neighborhood in which it had been erected: during those times, that was the place where the city hall was located.

The Tower Hall served as fire lookout, arrest, warehouse, and in the last two centuries it hosts the Museum of Sibiu. It was rebuilt in 1588, restored again at the end of the 19th century, then in early and mid-twentieth century.

Sibiu medieval period was characterized by economic growth and continuous development.

The society was very well organized and locals formed connections with shoemakers and craftsmen from Moldova and Romanian Country, as well as Hungary and Germany, therefore, this area, just like Targu Mures, Targu Secuiesc, or Brasov was a very prosperous economic center.

wwwromaniamea.blogspot.ro

wwwromaniamea.blogspot.ro

Craft and merchant associations in Sibiu have obtained a number of rights and privileges which led to an unparalleled flowering of city life; and rulers of Moldavia and the Romanian Country have granted Sibians with certain facilities, like, for instance, in the 14th century, the inhabitants of Sibiu had monopoly and priority over the trade with Romanian Country. Following the continuous economic development, in 1366 Sibiu was declared “city”.

And not just economic, but cultural, as well: the first book written in Romanian language was published in Sibiu in 1544. In 1692, Sibiu became the capital of Transylvania and the connections and influences with the Austrian Empire flourished.

lucianstere.ro

lucianstere.ro

Brukenthal Palace is the most important proof and a living witness, so to speak, of this flourishing period. Sibiu is becoming a promoter of progress in the country: the first railroad was built in 1872, electric current is introduced in 1897, the headquarter is set at Astra Sibiu etc. Throughout the centuries, many Saxon families had settled in the region, strengthening the social, political, cultural and economic connections with their homelands.

Unfortunately, the historical events that followed (World War II and the communist regime) have led to a substantial reduction in the Saxon population in the city, whether as a result of deportations to Siberia initially or subsequently as a result of massive emigration to Germany.

In recent years, with the efforts coordinated by the former mayor of Sibiu, turned Romanian president, Klaus Iohannis the prestige of Sibiu war reestablished and, in 2007, Sibiu become the European capital of culture, together with Luxembourg.

edusoft.ro

edusoft.ro

It is one of the most vivid, aristocratic and authentic cities of Europe, where several important artistic festivals take place annually, hosting a great number of visitors from Romania and worldwide.

If you visit Sibiu, you will be introduced to the peak of Romanian and European culture, architecture, cuisine and a great bonus of amazingly beautiful natural environment which surround the city.

May 22

2014 Şarkıları

2014 yılı tüm dünyada her açıdan inanılmaz yenililklerle dolu bir şekilde ilerlerken dünyanın tüm müzik kanalları ve büyük radyoları tarafından oluşturulan ayrı ayrı listeleri tarafından oluşan 2014 Son Çıkan  Şarkılar konusunda merakınızı gidermek için oldukça idela bir alandan bahsedeğiz.

 

Rock,Pop,R&B ve Klasik müzik dallarında dünya sıralamalarında üst sıralara çıkan en güzel şarkıların listelerini ve bu şarkıların sanatçılarına ait şarkıların sözleri ve bu şarkıların özel müzik n0talarına ilişkin bilgilerini ve sanatçıların öz geçmişlerinide takib ede bilirsiniz. Hit şarkılar herzaman olduğu gibi hem moda ve sanat hemde güncel hayatın tadını çıkara bilme açısından evrensel müzik portallarından sizlerde faydalana bilirsiniz.

Müzik denince kala özellikle son çıkan şarkıların bulunfuğu top on listeleri gelmeketedir. bu listeleride kullanarak en son çıkan şarkıla hakkında bilgi sahibi ola bilirsiniz.

Mar 13

Foshop Yapma hakkında Eğitim

Sizlere bir başka konuya açıklama getirmek adına yazıyorum Fotoshop Yapma konusu yazımda kapsamlı olarak konuyu anlattım umarım sizde konumdan bilgilenmiş olursunuz konuyu uzatmadan yazımın demanına girmek istiyorum ;

Gizli olan bu araçlara, yanında ” ” işareti bulunan ikonların üzerinde mouse nuzu basılı tutup bir süre bekleterek açılacak olan yeni ikon penceresinden erişebilirsiniz.

Bunlardan birini seçerseniz Araç kutusunda ki Fotoshop Yap  diğer ikon ile yerini değiştirecek, kullanmaya hazır hale gelecektir. Herbirinin yanlarındaki klavye kısa yol tuşlarını da görebilirsiniz.

Şimdi “Araç Kutusu” üzerindeki ikonları sırası ile tanıyalım..

“Rectangular Marquee Tool”, Kare, dikdörtgen çizmek için seçili alan yaratır. Klavye kısa yolu gördüğünüz gibi “M” tuşudur. Kare çizmek istersek, kare şeklini seçip, klavyemizdeki Shift tuşuna basılı tutarak imajımız üzerinde mause muzu sürüklemeliyiz. Aksi halde dikdörtgen alan seçer. Elliptical Marquee Tool, Şayet Daire çizmek istersek, daire şeklini seçip yine klavyemizdeki Shift tuşuna basılı tutarak imajımız üzerinde mause muzu sürüklemeliyiz. Aksi halde elips alan seçer.Diğerleri, tek pixel olarak yatay (Single Row Marquee Tool) veya dikey (Single Column Marquee Tool) alan seçmeye yarar.

“Move Tool”, Seçilen bir alanı veya Layer (Katman)’ı taşımanıza yarar.Otomatik seçim özelliği olduğu gibi imajın üzeründe iken sağ tuş yaparsanız hangi Layer de olduğunuzu da belirtir. Klavuzluk görevi vardır. (V)

“Lasso Tool”, Kement Aracı denir. İmajınız üzerinde Programsız Fotoshop serbestçe çizerek alan seçebilirsiniz. Resmin belli noktalarını tek tek seçmenize Polygonal Lasso Tool ile yapabilirsiniz. Magnetic Lasso Tool ise kontrast ve renge duyarlıdır.

“Magic Wand Tool”, İmaj üzerindeki benzer renkleri seçim aracıdır. Benzer renkleri veya tonları seçebilirsiniz.

 
Araç Kutusuna ulaşmak için programın arayüzündeki Ana Menüsünden, Window>Show Tool ile Toolbox’ı açalım (Kapatmak için ise Window>Hide Tool yolunu seçiyoruz).

Araç Kutusu, yandaki resminde görünen araçlarından başka araçları da içerir.

Gizli olan bu araçlara, yanında ” ” işareti bulunan ikonların üzerinde mouse nuzu basılı tutup bir süre bekleterek açılacak olan yeni ikon penceresinden erişebilirsiniz.

Bunlardan birini seçerseniz Araç kutusunda ki diğer ikon ile yerini değiştirecek, kullanmaya hazır hale gelecektir. Herbirinin yanlarındaki klavye kısa yol tuşlarını da görebilirsiniz.